In the context of human rights promotion, the high number of internet users has certainly created a lot of opportunities. According to the statement made by Frank La Rue, the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Opinion and Expression, the internet has become a highly necessary tool to fulfill various human rights, to combat injustice, and to accelerate development and human advancement. Therefore, ensuring a universal internet access shall be a priority for all states. This was reconfirmed by the UN Human Rights Council resolution in June 2012 regarding The promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet, that puts the access to the internet as a part of human rights.
The role of the internet in the enjoyment of human rights has begun to gain attention in human rights discourse at the UN body in the mid of nineties along with the issuance of a resolution of the UN Human Rights Commission – now is the UN Human Rights Council No. 27/1997 that ordered the UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Opinion and Expression to include and consider all aspects arising from the emergence of the new information technologies to the equality and opportunities in accessing information and the enjoyment of the right to freedom of expression, as provided for in the ICCPR.
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