In the last decade the issue of cybersecurity has come into the public spotlight. The issue has become the headline news of international media due to a number of systemic cyber attacks in various countries, such as the WannaCry ransomware,1 and the discovery of the fake news creation and distribution, and terrorism how-to information found on the Internet. This phenomenon reflects back on how technology and its development encouraging increased productivity in various fields also open up space for various systemic crimes.
In Indonesia, cyber attacks have been increasing in the last 5 years. This fact is disclosed by the Ministry of Communications and Informatics (Kominfo), which states that Indonesia is one of the top 10 countries in the world included as a target of cyberwar, holding the fifth or sixth position. The number of attacks affects an increasing number of identities, from 11 million identities in 2014, rising to 13 million by 2015, and to 15 million identities in 2016.
The fact has been confirmed by Symantec, a software company producing the Security Threat Report or reports of attacks on the global Internet network. Based on this report, in 2016 Indonesia was ranked 17th in cyber attacks. For example, e-mails containing malware have risen from 1 in 236 e-mails to 1 in 156 e-mails. This shows the increasingly massive attacks on the security of the cyberspace.
In addition, other data indicate that the threat to cybersecurity is dominated by cybercrime. In a detik.co report, the Directorate of Special Criminal Investigation of Metro Jaya Regional Police stated that 1,627 cases were reported to the police in 2016, of which 1,207 were cyber-crime cases. Of the 1,207 reports, 699 cases have been resolved.
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