National Slum Upgrading Project (NSUP) In Indonesia

The administration of President Jokowi, in the National Mid Term Development Plan (Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional – RPJMN) from 2015 to 2019, launched the “Program 100-0-100, i.e 100 per cent access to potable water, 0 slums, and 100 per cent access to sanitation, which will be completed in 2019. For urban target a Program of Kota Tanpa Kumuh/KOTAKU (My City, signifies the acronym of Cities Without Slums) has been prepared as a national platform funded by various sources, including the central and local governments, the private sector, the community, and multilateral funding agencies, as well. This Program will target 289 cities across Indonesia. According to the program document, the program goal is to achieve alleviation of urban slums to 0 Ha through real actions of prevention and improvement of the quality of slum area by 38,431 Ha.

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and the World Bank has approved the Indonesia’s government loan of $ 216.5 million from each agency, for the National Slum Upgrading Project / NSUP program which will target 153 cities and one province of Special Capital Region of Jakarta.

Meanwhile, the remaining 136 cities are being sought financing from other multinational development banks. This co-financing scheme between BD and AIIB is the first cooperation, and will run as first project of AIIB in Indonesia, of which Indonesia is the eighth shareholder (from 10 highest shareholders) and expects to be the largest client in AIIB. Therefore, it becomes very important to pay attention to all aspects of this program, including the impact on the environment and society. For civil societies this program Kotaku potentially violates the basic rights of citizens, and causes the poorest people become poorer than before. The reason is based on the following condition.

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