National Dialogue to Support Institutionalization Policy of Affirmative Action for Past Human Rights Victims of Violence

Mass violence and systemic discrimination has been inseparable part in the history of Indonesia. As the impact, those who become the victims of various kind of violence in the past are still excommunicated, restricted, and differentiated in all aspects of their lives up to today. Many of them live as the poor and elderly all over Indonesia, and it is difficult for them to get access to the public services and development programs.

Therefore, affirmative action policy for these groups is required in order to provide protection, recovery access as well as rehabilitation system. This kind of affirmative action is also a mandate which is included in Article 28 H paragraph (2) of The 1945 Constitution. The constitution mentions that everyone deserves to have access and affirmative action to get similar opportunities and benefits in order to achieve equality and justice. In order to support that, The Coalition for Justice and Revelation of Truth (KKPK) which consists of more than 60 civil society organizations and victims’ companion aims to hold a National Dialogue. This process would be a media to express opinions and identify various achievements at the local level in the effort to restore the rights of victims in the past. As known, a number of local initiatives have been emerged in order to restore the rights of the victims of violence.

The initiatives surely emphasizes on economy, social, and cultural approach as well as social reconciliation at the grassroots level. This initiative, for example, applied in Aceh, Jakarta, Palu, and Bali. The coordinator of KKPK, Kamala Chandrakirana, emphasized “Besides having big contribution to the restoration of the victims, seen from the nationality perspective, those initiatives also actions to eliminate continuous discrimination and part of social restoration in Indonesia”. Thus, the dialogue is expected to bridge several of emerged initiatives and achievements, also to provide stronger conceptual base in order to support the policy institutionalization. The existence of proper and effective policies is necessary and required to give support as well as act as legal umbrella in order to make the restoration effort of victims rights accelerated and sustained. This action is also in accordance with the Jokowi – JK government priority agenda, which is to strengthen the diversity and social restoration. “Various emerged initiatives, particularly at local level, show that the social cultural instruments capacity is getting stronger, in order to strengthen social solidarity that based on fair humanity value, which at the end would be the main twist in Indonesia social restoration,” said Kamala.

Anik Wusari, the Chairman of Indonesia for Humanity (IKa) added that the national dialogue would be held in Jakarta, on 26-28 October. The participants are not less than 150 people; representative from civil society organizations and victims who come from various regions, from Papua to Aceh. Besides that, the participants will also include Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Cultural Affairs (PMK), Puan Maharani; a number of Chief of Institution / Ministry; as well as chief regions, such as from North Aceh, East Lampung, Purbalingga, Banyumas, Karanganyar, Bojonegoro, Blitar, Palu, and Sikka. [ ]