The resolution of the past human rights violations cases has become national task that needs to be completed. It is in accordance with the statement in Tap MPR No. V /MPR /2000 about National Unity and Stability. The regulation wants the real actions in revealing the truth and reconciliation, as well as redefine nation’s ethic and the government of Indonesia’s vision in the future. In the context to resolve the past human rights violation cases, TAP MPR (Decrees of People’s Assembly ) assigns the President to reveal all kinds of authority abuses and the past human rights violations cases, in accordance with the valid laws and regulations, as well as to reconcile for the public interest.
In line with the mandate, various initiatives as an effort to find solutions for the past human rights violation cases has been suggested, either one that suggested due to the pressure of international politics or the pressure and demand from the victims and civilians. The whole initiatives stated in various policies made by the government after military regime of New order. Unfortunately, those initiatives have not completely resolved various past human rights violation cases which also are a history debt of this country. There are several factors that cause this, including the making of policies which has the tendency to be partial, less political support, and also the justice system that up to date still unable to present the substantive justice for victims.
This condition is also recognized by the current government of Jokowi – JK that mentioned the existence of the past human right violation cases which up to this date has become national social politic burden. Therefore, a complete action to solve this human right violation cases with dignity and fairly is required. The recognition of the cases were mentioned in political commitment of Nawacita, as the government of Jokowi – JK vision and mission, which further inserted in National Medium‐Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2015 – 2019. In the RPJMN, it is mentioned that the fair solution of the past human rights violation cases is one of strategic policy in preventing the same case occurs again in the future.
To follow up the political commitment, some initiatives have been suggested by the government. One of them is to re-launch an official debate on 1965 / 1966 event through National Symposium 1965 event. The symposium admittedly has opened a new debate chapter on how to solve the past human right violations cases, particularly 1965 / 1966 event. The debate which was initially only discussed among civilians, victims, and groups which resist with the resolution, now has become a state debate that directly facilitated by official state institution.
As has previously imagined, the pros and cons immediately emerged after the symposium held. The groups which resist the resolution immediately reacted by reviving the old political conflicts that occurred in cold war regime and guided democracy era. Strangely, numbers of state official institutions, including security forces and law enforcer who are supposed to fully support the resolution national agenda, on the contrary they were also involved with the resistance. This situation shows that the government is not solid and united in terms of solving the past human rights violation cases. The instruction given by the President and Coordinating Ministry for Political, Legal and Security of Indonesia are often interpreted inconsistently by their apparatus in implementing the tasks.
To respond the above situation, Coalition for Justice and Revelation of Truth (KKPK), which consists of more than 50 civilian elements, as well as People Assembly, fully supports every step and effort taken by the President in solving various past human rights violation cases thoroughly by referring on The 1945 Constitution and the national mandate as mentioned in Decrees of People’s Assembly. In order to ensure the resolution achieved, the President should:
- Coordinate the whole assistants, instruments, and whole apparatus of his government to ensure the full support in solving the past human rights violation cases as a national agenda.
- Guarantee the right to feel secure on each suggested initiative, either initiative suggested at the academic level or initiative suggested by the civilians at the grass root level, as an effort to solve the past human rights violation cases by trying to reveal the whole truth of the cases.
- Embrace all parties and related groups to engage in a dialogue and cooperation, by applying principles of togetherness, equality, and mutual respect as part of resolution act.
- Make The 1945 Constitution as a guideline and reference in solving the case which emphasizes on; the enforcement of law state principle; the revelation of the truth; ensure the restoration of victims’ dignity and livelihood; education and public dialogue for reconciliation; guarantee of non reoccurrence with the civilian and military institutional reform; and active participation from the victims.
Jakarta, 29 May 2016