Establishing A Comprehensive Cyber Policy

ELSAM, JAKARTA — Dealing with the massive information technology development, Indonesia is urged to carry out the cyber policy reform. Electronic Information and Transaction Law or ITE Law (Law No. 16 Year 2017 on the Amendment of Law No 13 Year 2008 on the Electronic Information and Transaction) as the only one law which specifically regulates the cyber infrastructure is considered as inadequate. Meanwhile, the sectoral laws and institutional regulations addressing cyber technology is still considered as overlapping one another.

Institute for Policy Research and Advocacy (ELSAM) held a focused group discussion to prepare a recommendation for the government to establish cyber governance through a comprehensive policy.

The discussion with the title of “Cyber Policy Reform: Building a Digital Ecosystem in Indonesia” held in Jakarta on Tuesday (30/4) invited a number of stakeholders, starting from the academicians, government, House of Representative, and the telecommunication and informatics business actors,

The participants of the discussion were academicians from Padjadjaran University, Bina Nusantara University, Atma Jaya Catholic University, the House’s Lawmaking Center, Legislation Body, National Development Planning Agency, DIplo Foundation, Web Foundation, PT. Indodax  and Big Data Association.

Delivering the study on cyber policy reform in Indonesia, ELSAM’s Deputy Director of Research, Wahyudi Djafar, said that the development of information and communication technology obliges government to design a comprehensive map of cyber policy. According to him, ITE Law as the only regulation on cyber technology cannot be a reference to build a good cyber ecosystem.

“There are a lot of cyber issues arising so that government needs to make an integrated policy map. the issues are, among others, the coming of big data which triggers the internet of things, blockchain, fintech, e-commerce, artificial intelligence and social media growth,” Wahyudi said.

At the same moment, Shita Laksmi of Diplo Foundation said that cyber world covers a very broad and various dimensions, starting from the contents issue, cyber security, until data protection. Therefore, she added, the regulation to make should not only be multistakeholder, but also be multilayer and multisector.

“However, how far the multistakeholderism can be applied. Do not involve all parties, as this relates to mutual understanding. If there are so many parties involved, it will need time and energy to give understanding to other institutions. Speaking of transportation, for example, the related institutions are those only to be involved,” she added.

Related to the complexity of regulation and institution of cyber, the lecturer of Atma Jaya Catholic University, Sih Yuliana Wahyuningtyas suggested for government to establish an institution given authority to regulate the cyber problems.

“The problem is whether the institutional model will be an umbrella (single regulator) or sectoral. government and civil society must work together to identify the alternative format of the institution to bear the responsibility,” she said.

Currently government is finalizing the Personal Data Protection Law whose draft is still being discussed in Ministry of Communication and Informatics. Another is, there is also a plan to formulate a Cyber Security and Resilience Law. The House’s Legislation Body said in the discussion that until today the final draft has yet been made.

Author: Miftah Fadhli