AI Ethics Circular seeks voluntary commitments from companies and stakeholders
Jakarta, January 19, 2024 - ELSAM, in collaboration with the Ministry of Communication and Informatics (Kominfo), Bisnis Indonesia, and Atma Jaya Institute of Public Policy, organized the National AI Seminar on Friday, January 19, 2024 at the Aryaduta Menteng Hotel in Jakarta. The event was attended by expert stakeholders from the government, civil society groups, and technology industry practitioners.
The National AI Seminar aims to strengthen the commitment to implement the Minister of Communication and Information Technology Circular No. 9 of 2023 on Artificial Intelligence Ethics, which was signed on December 19, 2023. The circular provides guidelines on ethical values that AI developers and users are to adhere to.
These values include inclusivity, accessibility, safety, and humanity, with a strong emphasis on credibility and accountability in the use of AI. It aims to frame a human-centered approach as an important part of AI governance.
"AI governance is needed to protect individuals from an excessive invasion of privacy by businesses, as well as from the biases created by technology," said Nezar Patria, Deputy Minister of Communication and Information Technology.
Nezar hopes the circular will serve as a general guide to ethical values and responsibilities in the use and development of artificial intelligence by companies. These guidelines are listed in the Indonesian Standard Industrial Classification, or KLBI 62015, as well as by private and public electronic system providers.
"We call this soft regulation that can be a guide and also a basis for higher regulation later, because we are also discussing and initiating to draft what we call ministerial regulation on the governance of artificial intelligence. Of course, there will be more areas that will be regulated there, so we will also open the discussion wider to all stakeholders to see what needs to be responded to, which is quite crucial," said Nezar.
The circular introduces three main approaches. First, it encourages the use of AI to support human activities, which will enhance users' creativity in problem solving and work. Second, it emphasizes privacy and data protection to prevent harm to users. Finally, it advocates for strong oversight to control the potential misuse of AI by government agencies, the private sector and users.
Some of ELSAM's recommendations have also been the basis for a set of principles which are part of the circular letter. This is a beneficial process, as it provides a space for meaningful participation by stakeholders in the digital technology sector.
"Our hope is that the state's policies will not hinder the development of technology itself and will also provide protection for citizens in the context of human rights," said Wahyudi Djafar, executive director of ELSAM.
In addition to examination of the Kominfo circular, the plan to establish a national AI sandbox policy was also discussed, which is expected to create a conducive environment for AI innovation and experimentation in Indonesia.