ELSAM, Jakarta – Government needs to change the policy of development which makes Papuan community a subject. This emerges in the launching of research result and discussion entitled “From Decolonialisation to Marginalisation: Portrait of Government Policy in Tanah Papua for the Last 46 Years” held by ELSAM in Jakarta on Thursday (17/12).
In his explanation, the coordinator of the research on Papuan issues, Budi Hernawan, said that the research focused on three issues, namely, the change of demography in Papua as the impact of development policy, environmental degradation and militarization. From the research, he added, ELSAM gave several recommendation related to the three issues emerged.
According to the Coordinator of Information and Documentation of ELSAM, Ari Yurino, the transmigration program in Papua has evidently brought negative impact to the social life of Papuan natives. Due to the uneven transmigration and development program, it has caused the increase of number of migrants in Papua and the rise of horizontal conflict between the newcomers and the natives. Therefore, he said, the transmigration program must be terminated and its policy must be evaluated.
“As an alternative solution of regional development, national government should facilitate the cooperation among regions to strengthen the local government in order to be able to seek for autonomous development,” he said. One of the recommendation to the local government, he added, is to also formulate Perdasi (Provincial Regional Regulations) and Perdasus (Special Regional Regulations) which encourage the assimilation of the migrants to the Papuan culture through formal and informal education.
Meanwhile, in the context of environmental degradation, ELSAM’s Program Staff, Kania Mezariani, stated the urgency of national government to conduct environmental auditing to all national scale projects in Papua, especially in the plantation and mining sectors. According to her, those two sectors often become the triggers of conflicts at both local and national level. “Therefore, the national government should focus on economy development which directly connects to the peoples’ needs,” she added.
She also suggested that the local government establish a spatial planning in Papua and West Papua province in order to guarantee the life space of the Papuan natives, especially related to the domination of indigenous forest and lands of Papua.
Moreover, the Coordinator of Human Rights Defenders Capacity Building of ELSAM, Mike Verawati, said about the importance of revive the community police in Papua. “In Java, such pattern is applied. Previously, the community police was run, including through the assistance Netherland and New Zealand police institutions, quite successfully. That should be run again. The government officers assigned in Papua should also receive the briefing about anthropology in order to understand and use the approach in accordance with Papuan characteristics,” she said.
Other than that, she also demanded the national government to terminate the extension of authority to the Indonesian National Army over the defense role as specified in Law No 34/2002 on Indonesian National Army.
ELSAM, according to Budi Hernawan, also urged Komnas HAM and Attorney General to immediately complete the documents of human rights violations cases in Papua. Further, Budi also added that local government must immediately establish a human rights protection instrument, especially Regional Commission on Human Rights, Human Rights Court, and Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Papua and West Papua, as mandated by Law No 21/2001 on Special Autonomy.