Continued concerns about two proposed World Bank-supported Indonesian Infrastructure funds (RIDF & IIF)

Pekerja menyelesaikan proyek pembangunan gedung perkantoran di kawasan SCBD, Jakarta, Rabu (27/11). Untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan ekonomi terutama sektor infrastruktur, pemerintah menyediakan 27 proyek prioritas melalui 'public private partnership' (PPP) dengan nilai 47,5 miliar dolar AS, berasal dari APBN-P 2013 sebesar Rp201,3 triliun, atau 11,9 persen dari total belanja negara Rp1.683 triliun. ANTARA FOTO/Yudhi Mahatma/ss/mes/13

Aliansi Demokrasi untuk Papua (ALDP); AURIGA; debtWATCH; ELSAM – Institute for Policy Research and Advocacy; Gemawan; Human Rights Working Group (HRWG); Indonesian Legal Resource Center (ILRC); Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW); INDIES (The Institute of National and Democratic Studies – Indonesia); Jaringan Kerja Pemetaan Partisipatif (JKPP); JASOIL – Papua; Jaringan Masyarakat Gambut (JMG) Jambi; Justice Peace and Integrity of Creation (JPIC) Kalimantan – Indonesia; Kesatuan Nelayan Tradisional Indonesia (KNTI); KIARA – Koalisi Rakyat Untuk Keadilan Perikanan; Konfederasi Pergerakan Rakyat Indonesia (KPRI); Lembaga Bantuan Hukum (LBH) Semarang; Lembaga Bantuan Hukum (LBH) Palembang; Lingkaran Advokasi dan Riset (Link-AR) Borneo; LPM Equator; Pusat Kajian dan Perlindungan Anak (PKPA); Sekretariat Keadilan dan Perdamaian Keuskupan Agung Merauke (SKP-KAME); Solidaritas Perempuan; Swandiri Institute; The Ecological Justice; TuK Indonesia: Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (WALHI) – Friends of the Earth Indonesia: Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (WALHI) Jawa Barat; Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (WALHI) Sulawesi Selatan; Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (WALHI) Bengkulu; Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (WALHI) Sumatera Selatan; Yayasan PUSAKA; BothENDS (Netherland); Bretton Woods Project (UK); Centre for Human Rights and Development (Mongolia); Central and Eastern European Bank Watch Network (Czech Republic); ECCHR (Germany); Engineers Against Poverty (UK); Gender Action (US); Inclusive Development International (USA); India-Climate-Justice (ICJ); International Accountability Project (USA); PSI Global; ReCommon (Italy); Sahabat Alam Malaysia; Ulu Foundation (USA); Urgewald (Germany)

Jakarta
March 10, 2017

Dear World Bank President, Jim Yong Kim
IFC President, Philippe Le Houérou
World Bank Executive Directors

We are writing to you with deep concerns about two proposed World Bank-supported Indonesian Infrastructure funds, planned for Board vote in March 2017, the Indonesian Regional Infrastructure Development Fund and support for PT Indonesia Infrastructure Finance.

In 2009, the World Bank, IFC, ADB and a range of bilateral funders provided support for the Government of Indonesia to launch controversial high-risk opaque infrastructure financial intermediaries in Indonesia. These included PT Indonesia Infrastructure Fund, PT Indonesian Infrastructure Guarantee Fund, and PT Sarana Multi Infrastruktur. In general, environmental and social risks have been high at these funds, while environmental, social, and fiduciary due diligence – as well as overall performance — has been quite poor.

Despite massive problems with these financial intermediaries, for the past several years, the World Bank has been trying to push the Indonesian Government to establish yet another controversial infrastructure FI, the proposed Regional Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) to be financed via $100 million from WB for controversial PT Sarana Multi Infrastruktur and currently, despite ongoing problems at PT. IIF, plans to provide an additional finance for PT IIF.

Plans to launch the RIDF have had a particularly troubled history (see enclosed Memorandum) and the Bank has reduced its initially planned investment from $500 million to $200 million to the currently proposed $100 million – only 20% of the amount originally proposed by the Bank in 2015. The Swiss government also reduced planned support for RIDF by 40% and the Indonesian government reduced its planned contribution to RIDF by $300 million.

The projects of concern as follows:

  • Indonesian Regional Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) $100 million WB / $100 million AIIB
  • PT. Indonesian Infrastructure Finance (IIF) – $200 million WB

Overarching concerns about these projects include:
PT IIF

  •  The lack of public disclosure of documents pertaining to projects in the pipeline and lack of meaningful consultation on PT IIF projects in the pipeline;
  • The lack of key documents in Indonesian, including the PT IIF Operations Manual, recently made public after years of public requests for this document;
  • Violations and failures in implementing WB environmental and social safeguards and IFC Performance Standards;
  • Lack of disclosure of monitoring and assessment evaluations of PT IIF implementation of environmental and social safeguards.[1]
  • Problems at the related PT IIGF, the provider of guarantees for all PPP infrastructure projects in Indonesia, still not yet resolved, including a “secret” Operations Manual with published OM “Guidance Notes” on land expropriation encouraging clients to target Indigenous forested lands for infrastructure projects. The Guidance Notes were finally removed from the website in late 2016 after years of concerns raised by NGOs. No new Guidance Notes have been made public and the OM is still secret.

RIDF, to be implemented by the controversial PT. Sarana Multi Infrastructure (PT. SMI)

  • Lack of meaningful consultation;
  • The violation and weakness of the ESMF of RIDF
    – 500 page ESMF in English language with a only very short summary provided in Bahasa Indonesia, making meaningful consultation in   Indonesia impossible;
    – Weak and poor quality analysis of Indonesia’s “Country System”

    • Omission of Regulation of the Minister of Environment pertaining to Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA).
    •  Indonesian EIA weaker than WB OP 4.01 requirements;
    • Land expropriation regulations which harm communities;
    • High levels of corruption at the regional government level identified by Indonesia Corruption Watch and Indonesian Anti-Corruption Commission
    • Problems with government recognition of Indigenous Peoples
    • Poor Track Record of PT SMI

We note that many of these concerns have been brought up in civil society letters and reports in 2015 and 2016.

Based on these matters, we demand the following:

  1. Given the lack of resolution of problems at existing WB-supported Infrastructure financial intermediaries, including PT IIF, and the lack of an RIDF ESMF in Bahasa Indonesia, making meaningful consultation impossible, the WB should not approve the RIDF or PT IIF at the March 2017 Board meetings; The lack of meaningful consultation and materials in local language violates both the World Bank’s Safeguards and the AIIB’s ESF (for RIDF);
  2. Before funding new Indonesian Financial Intermediariess, the substantial environmental and social problems at existing WB/IFC/ADB supported Infrastructure Financial Intermediaries, including those under PT SMI such as PT Indonesia Infrastructure Investment (PT IIF) and those such as PT IIGF must be corrected and brought into compliance with required MDB safeguards before pushing forward with the establishment of new infrastructure FIs, such as RIDF. This includes: disclosure of projects in the pipeline by PT IIF, PT IIGF’s OM and Guidance Notes on Land Acquisition, meaningful consultation, proof of resolution of land conflicts, use of gender disaggregated data; security force assessments, clarification, including by PT IIGF and PT IIF regarding indigenous rights, forest & biodiversity protection;
  3. PT. SMI, in existence since 2009, needs to prove track record of environmental and social protection, assessment, monitoring and anti-corruption track record, including in procurement at existing PT SMI FIs,. prior to being funded for a new FI, the RIDF. The Green Climate Fund, in its assessment of PT SMI found that PT SMI has no disclosure policy, and could not provide proof of large scale compliance for large scale projects (as requested by GCF).
  4. Given the apparent reliance on Indonesia’s “country system” for these projects, the World Bank must make public for comment a detailed Country Systems Safeguard assessment demonstrating the equivalence or lack thereof between Indonesian “national systems” and World Bank Safeguard requirements (in accordance with WB OP 4.00);
  5. Gender-differentiated baseline census of all women likely to be impacted by the project, gender-disaggregated analyses and a gender-sensitive approach to ensuring full participation and recognition of rights, including land rights, of women must be Led;
  6. Due diligence risk assessment is needed to assess Security Force Risk, specifically the risk of violence from armed parties including military (TNI), police, local police (Satpol PP) and armed thugs (preman) linked to the project. This is an AIIB requirement for RID;
  7. There must be an explicit legally-binding ban on the use of armed security forces and threats and violence against communities with a legally binding clause that any such threats made or use of violence against communities or civil society organizations will result in the cancellation of the project;
  8. Corruption: The World Bank should require legal recourse against any misuse of the project budget for PT IIF or PT RIDF.

Thank you for your attention to this matter.

Indonesian Civil Society Organizations:

Rio Ismail
The Ecological Justice Indonesia

Zenzi Suhadi
Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (WALHI) – Friends of the Earth Indonesia

Siti Aminah Tardi
Indonesian Legal Resource Center (ILRC)

Meiki Paendong
Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (WALHI) Jawa Barat

Muhammad Al-Amien
Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (WALHI) Sulawesi Selatan

Andi Muttaqien
ELSAM – Institute for Policy Research and Advocacy

Rahmawati Retno Winarni
TUK Indonesia

Emerson Yuntho
Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW)

Kurniawan Sabar
The Institute of National and Democratic Studies (INDIES – Indonesia)

Agus Sutomo
Lingkaran Advokasi dan Riset (Link-AR) Borneo

Beni Ardiansyah
Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (WALHI) Bengkulu

Hadi Jatmiko
Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (WALHI) Sumatera Selatan

Deni Rahardian
Jaringan Kerja Pemetaan Partisipatif (JKPP)

Anselmus Amo
Sekretariat Keadilan dan Perdamaian Keuskupan Agung Merauke (SKP-KAME)

Angga Septia
Jaringan Masyarakat Gambut (JMG) Jambi

Diana Gultom
debtWATCH

Pietsaw
JASOIL Papua

Zainal Arifin
Lembaga Bantuan Hukum (LBH) Semarang

Anwar Ma’ruf
Konfederasi Pergerakan Rakyat Indonesia (KPRI)

Frangky Samperante
Yayasan PUSAKA – Indonesia

Ahmad Marthin Hadiwinata
Kesatuan Nelayan Tradisional Indonesia (KNTI) – Indonesia

Taslim
Lembaga Bantuan Hukum (LBH) Palembang – Indonesia

Hamim Mustofa
Aliansi Demokrasi untuk Papua (ALDP)

Bama Adiyanto
Justice Peace and Integrity of Creation (JPIC) Kalimantan – Indonesia

Muhammad Hafiz
Human Rights Working Group (HRWG) Indonesia

Timer Manurung
AURIGA – Indonesia

Hermawansyah
Swandiri Institute, Kalimantan Barat – Indonesia

Laili Khairnur
Gemawan – Indonesia

Puspa Dewy
Solidaritas Perempuan

Ahmad Saufi
LPM Equator Kalimantan Barat

Keumala Dewi
Pusat Kajian dan Perlindungan Anak (PKPA)

Armand Manila
KIARA – Koalisi Rakyat Untuk Keadilan Perikanan

International CSO’s Support:

Stephanie Fried
Ulu Foundation (USA)

Korina Horta
Urgewald (Germany)

Peter Jansen
BothENDS (Netherland)

Antonio Tricarico
ReCommon (Italy)

Meena
Sahabat Alam Malaysia

David Pred
Inclusive Development International (USA)

Petra Kjell
Bretton Woods Project (UK)

Elaine Zuckerman
Gender Action (US)

Urantsooj Gombosuren
Centre for Human Rights and Development (Mongolia)

Rayan Schlief
International Accountability Project (USA)

Soren Jensen
Engineers Against Poverty (UK)

Christian Schliemann
ECCHR (Germany)

David Boys
PSI Global

Soumya Dutta
Beyond Copenhagen Collective /
Bharat Jan Vigyan Jatha – BJVJ (translates to – India people’s science campaign) /
India-Climate-Justice (ICJ)

Wawa Wang
Central and Eastern European Bank Watch Network (Czech Republic)

[1] According to the World Bank and IFC, “The WB (and in the case of IIF, IFC) also closely monitors the implementation of the environmental and social safeguards and IFC performance standards to ensure compliance in the execution stage.” Yet no supervision reports have been made public. WB, IFC “Letter to Concerned NGOs”, November 18, 2016.

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