Control Policy versus Internet Freedom: Brief introduction of the development and dynamics of regulation related to internet and human rights in Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines

control-policyControl Policy versus Internet Freedom: Brief introduction of the development and dynamics of regulation related to internet and human rights in Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines

This paper would look on the preliminary initiatives of utilization and development of information and communication technology, especially internet, in the southeast region, taking examples in three countries, Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines. The paper would also discuss the framework and model adopted by each country in governing use and development of Information and communication technology. Furthermore, as the use and development of ICT had expanded in the last few years, some crucial problem had arisen related with the use of this technology. To emphasize the previous point, besides of delivering various positive benefits for the advance of human life qualities and human rights fulfillment in general, the rapid growth of internet had also spurred negative impacts, putting everyone as potential victim of the impact. These negative impact had triggered the government to issue some regulations the specifically governs the use and control of this technology.

Viewing the situation, the paper would also examine the tendencies of countries to set national rules to limit the user in the use of internet technology. The limitation phenomena gained legitimacy from the raising issue of cyber sovereignty, which often propose nationalism slogan without closely and holistically examining every facet of cyber characteristic that hardly had any apparent territorial borders. The issue of limitation on usage of internet technology seems to complete the problem of internet access that are still primary problem in the third world countries, specially developing countries like Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines.

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